Prehistoric stone circle found near Stonehenge

Hyperaxion Jun 23, 2020

More than 1.2 miles in diameter, the Neolithic monument is the largest in the United Kingdom and is located in a region that was considered sacred 4,500 years ago.

A new prehistoric monument was found near the Stonehenge in Durrington, in southern England, by a research group led by the University of Bradford. According to the study published by historians last Sunday (21) on Internet Archeology, the construction dates from the Neolithic period and was built more than 4,500 years ago.

Prehistoric stone circle found near Stonehenge
(Credit: University of St Andrews).

Recent analyzes have revealed that the structure consists of more than twenty massive stone objects, each more than ten meters in diameter and five meters wide. They form a circle more than two kilometers (1.2 miles) in diameter, covering an area of more than three square kilometers, surrounding the old prehistoric site of Durrington Walls.

“The sedimentary infills contain a rich and fascinating archive of previously unknown environmental information,” said Tim Kinnaird, co-author of the study, in a statement. “With optically stimulated luminescence profiling and dating, we can write detailed narratives of the Stonehenge landscape for the last 4,000 years.”

Archaeologists believe that these stones served as a boundary for an area or sacred site in the region. According to historians, the Neolithic period, associated with the first farmers in Great Britain, is characterized by the development of ritualistic and ornate structures that, on occasion, were very large – such as Stonehenge.

However, no prehistoric structure in the UK covers an area as large as the stone circle recently found in Durrington. The boundary appears to have been deliberately defined to include an earlier prehistoric monument, the Larkhill causewayed enclosure, which was built 1,500 years earlier, about 800 meters away.

(Credit: University of St Andrews).

Understanding the relationship between these constructions is important because, as the researchers explain, it implies that the first inhabitants of Great Britain used a system for the creation of their architectural works. [This location] is key to unlocking the story of the wider Stonehenge landscape,” said Dr. Nick Snashall, a National Trust archaeologist for the Stonehenge and Avebury World Heritage, who also participated in the research. “This astonishing discovery offers us new insights into the lives and beliefs of our Neolithic ancestors.”


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