The Artemis mission have a budget of more than US$30 billion and will be divided into three phases, the first of which will be executed in November 2021.
NASA has revealed plans for the Artemis mission, which will take the first woman to the Moon in 2024. This will be the first manned space mission to the natural satellite since 1972.
“As we’ve solidified more of our exploration plans in recent months, we’ve continued to refine our budget and architecture. We’re going back to the Moon for scientific discovery, economic benefits, and inspiration for a new a generation of explorers,” said NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine.
They will use the Space Launch System (SLS) rocket and the astronauts will fly on board the Orion spacecraft. It will not be cheap: NASA plans to spend US$28 billion and has also asked the US Congress for an additional US$3.2 billion to build the landing system.
The mission will be divided into three phases. The first, called Artemis 1, will take place in November 2021, will last for one month and will not involve astronauts. It will be a test launch.
The second phase, Artemis 2, will take the astronauts to the Moon’s orbit in 2023. Finally, in the Artemis 3 phase, scheduled for 2024, the landing will be authorized.
Mission participants have not yet been chosen. However, among women, there are 12 active candidates and five other recently graduated astronauts.
What we do know is that those who are chosen will collect samples and conduct a series of scientific experiments over almost seven days, as a kind of preparatory training.
In addition, throughout the program, robots and humans will seek and potentially extract resources such as water, which can be converted into other usable resources, including oxygen and fuel.