Even if you didn’t realize it, AI is in your life and you probably wouldn’t be able to live without it anymore. But is AI dangerous? Will it steal our jobs?
People like Bill Gates and Elon Musk are concerned about the risks of artificial intelligence, and while we are far from a robot revolution against humans, it is already changing our lives.
1. Artificial intelligence is replacing humans
Experts are becoming concerned that advances in artificial intelligence could result in many people losing their jobs to machines.
In the United States alone, 250,000 robots perform jobs that humans used to do. And that number is growing every year.
Robots and artificial intelligence are capable of doing almost everything better than most humans and are less prone to error.
According to the University of Oxford, in the next 20 years, 35% of jobs in the UK will be replaced by artificial intelligence.
2. Machines already show glimpses of human behavior
Lying is part of human life. Humans lie and deceive, and even some animals have already been observed to exhibit such behaviors.
However, lying is no longer limited to humans and animals. Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have developed robots that are capable of lying.
The goal of the project was to create robots that can be used by the military in the future. These robots could be deployed on the battlefield and used to guard ammunition and food storage. In a nasty situation, they could outwit enemies and buy time until reinforcements could arrive.
However, the project coordinator admitted that there are significant ethical concerns regarding his research. If the technology falls into the wrong hands, it could be a real nightmare.
3. Artificial intelligence is outperforming human hackers
Just as technology has evolved, hacking techniques have become more sophisticated, and malicious attacks happen on a daily basis, harming millions of people and causing huge monetary losses.
To fight these hackers, scientists are developing intelligent hacking systems, which are capable of surpassing the skills of human hackers.
In 2016, the DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) Cyber Grand Challenge (CGC) competition put 7 teams competing with intelligent hacking systems.
The goal of this competition was to create super-smart hacker programs capable of targeting vulnerabilities and, at the same time, finding and correcting their own weaknesses.
Although scientists are developing these artificial intelligence hacking systems for a good reason, they acknowledge the risks involved in creating such a powerful tool.
4. Artificial intelligence understands our behavior
Facebook is undeniably the most influential and powerful social media platform today. For many of us, it has become an essential part of our daily routines, but every time we use Facebook, we are unconsciously interacting with artificial intelligence.
Have you noticed that when you “like” something on Facebook, things related to that topic start to show up more often in your Facebook feed? Or when you search for something on the internet, have you noticed an increase in advertising related to your search query?
According to Mark Zuckerberg, by understanding how we behave on Facebook, artificial intelligence can make recommendations for things that we may find interesting or that can meet our needs.
5. Robots are becoming increasingly similar to humans
Artificial intelligence is already being used to build robots, which are increasingly similar to humans.
Nanyang Technological University (NTU), in Singapore, has created a robot that besides looking very much like a woman, can recognize people, shake hands, and make eye contact.
Nadine, as the artificially intelligent robot is called, is working as a receptionist at NTU. What is more surprising is that it can recognize people that it has seen before.
6. Artificial emotions are a reality
One of the things that separate humans from robots is the ability to feel emotions. Or at least it was, until experts from Microsoft created a robot capable of “feeling” emotions and talking to people in a more natural and “human” way.
This artificial intelligence robot called Xiaoice is able to answer questions as if it were a 17-year-old girl. It can also lie, feel shame, and anger.
Xiaoice’s unpredictability allows it to interact with people as if it were human. For now, this artificial intelligence is a social chatbot, and people talk to it as if they are talking to a friend.
However, its creators are working to improve it. According to Microsoft, Xiaoice has now entered a cycle of self-learning and self-growth.
7. Artificial intelligence will destroy old jobs and create new ones
There is a great fear that AI, robots, and machines will take all of our jobs. Many functions can indeed be automated. However, technology will also create countless new jobs.
The growth of artificial intelligence has already created a demand for qualified professionals in fields such as computer science and data analysis. Machines are not going to replace us everywhere; they will create demand for new types of professionals. It is up to us to keep up with the changes in society.
As Stephen Hawking said, artificial intelligence can become a great ally of human beings, provided it is used with ethics and responsibility.